Lilies Growing at Home

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Lilies… We decided to devote a separate article about lilies, because they are suitable not only for forcing crop but also for perennial growth in rooms, greenhouses and winter gardens.

Lilies’ Forcing Treatment in Home ConditionsBeautiful Orange Lilies in Bloom

The lily is one of the most beautiful bulbous plants used for the winter, early spring and autumn blooming indoors. A large variety of forms and sorts of lilies enables these plants to bloom almost all the year round. The most suitable for winter flowering is long-flowered lily and particularly its kind Garrizi. One uses for winter flowering the following lilies: special, Taiwanese, Tibetan and many others.

Time of bulbs planting in pots depends on when you need to get a flowering plant from the culture conditions and from lilies species. Lilies with long flowers, special, Tibetan and golden, bloom in 180-240 days after sprouts appearing from the ground. Umbrella-looking Lilies, Thunberg lilies, saffron, tiger, Wilmette, coral and imbricate sort bloom in 40-80 days after the appearing of sprouts.
Usually one takes three years’, heavy and hard for touching bulbs. Light and friable bulbs are unsuitable for the forced cultivation. In the autumn the bulbs are dug from the soil, selected from them and put in suitable pots. If for some reason one does not carry out planting immediately, the bulbs selected before planting remain in a slightly moist sand or peat litter in the basement. Bulbs taken from the soil are planted in pots with a diameter 14-16 cm in autumn and winter – for the spring bloom in spring (March-April) – for summer blooming.

Winter blooming lilies can be obtained from bulbs that were stored in basements. These bulbs are planted in June-July in pots and added dropwise to the ground and in the autumn are brought to the greenhouse. Blooming lilies will be in November and December.
Soil for the lilies is formed of the nutritional turf soil with a mixture of greenhouse and leaf compost and large grain sand. Good drainage is needed in the pot as the lily bulbs are very sensitive to excess moisture in the soil.
The bulbs are planted so that the distance from the top of the bulb to the surface of the soil in the pot is at least 5 cm. Such embedment depth is required for the formation of roots over bulbs by stem root lilies. Lilies that do not give additional roots are planted shallower.
Pots planted with bulbs are watered and placed for 1.5-2 months in a cool (4-6 °) place to take roots by bulbs. At this time they are kept in a moderately moist condition. When the lilies will develop a good root system and shoots will appear, they will be moved into a bright room, and one will gradually raise the temperature up to 20 °. During growth one increases the plants watering (water should be warmed to a room temperature). After the formation of well-developed roots plants are fertilized every ten days with a solution of organic fertilizers.
30-40 days are required since the time of the buds appearance before flowering. To accelerate flowering, increase the temperature to 30-32 °, increase watering and provide additional lighting. On the contrary to delay flowering, reduce the room temperature.
In order to reduce the time of forcing lilies, use the following method: bulbs received in the autumn are kept for 40 days at 5 °, after that they are dipped for an hour into the water with a temperature of no less than 40-45 °. Long flower lilies bulbs, treated in such a way, begin to bloom in 60-80 days earlier.

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