Flowers in the History of Mankind, Part 2: Flowers in Ancient Greece, Ancient Greek Flowers


In many countries flowers and trees have long being serving as special symbols. For example, in Ancient Greece the statue of the supreme god Zeus was decorated with branches of an oak – a symbol of strength; the statue of Poseidon, god of the sea – shore pine boughs; Aphrodite, the goddess of beauty and love – the branches of myrtle;  Eros, the god of love – roses;  Nike, the goddess of victory – a palm branch; Apollo, the god of the sun – with branches of laurel, a symbol of honor and glory; Athena, the goddess of wisdom, knowledge, arts and crafts – with an olive branch, which embodied the piece. These symbols have played an important role in religious ceremonies and festivals.  It was customary in Greece to present twigs of olive and laurel to outstanding military leaders, to winners of sporting events, famous poets, singers and speakers. The ancient Greeks loved wreaths. They used them as decorations at weddings and festivals, at the New Year. Also they wore them in spring in honor to the goddess Flora, who was considered the goddess of nature awakening. The art of weaving wreaths was very common in ancient Greece respectively. One revered artists who showed a special taste in selection and arrangement of flowers, leaves and twigs used for the wreaths.

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